Monday, April 25, 2011

Knots III: Various Knots by Cop in the Hood author Peter C. Moskos

Don't tie up the boat too tight or too loose! You want it "just right." Ahhhh...
video

The easiest and best way to for us tie the boat in its normal ligplaats is to simply tie the boat to itself.

Make sure the lines come off at as big an angle as possible (do not tie the boat to closest point on the wall). Note the lines can also go in, rather than out, if need be (it might need to be if there's only one object you can tie to). The line is tied to the boat's kicker with a little twist, repeated.
video

There are at least four knots you need to know for our everyday boat use: the hitch, the bowline, the clove hitch, and the tautline hitch. These really do come in handy in life. Just yesterday I used both these in one piece of string to tie a Victrola case shut for travel (yes, Bob, that's why they called it "portable"). On one end, the bowline made a loop. On the other end, the tautline hitch then can then make things nice and snug. The best part is that when I was tying things up to come back home, a guy said, "hey, that's a bowline!" He made my day.

The bowline knot (pronounced correctly as BOW-lin, I don't know why I mispronounce it in the video) makes a very secure loop in the line (like around a pole, for our docking needs). It is always easy to untie, even when wet and under pressure. That is one of its main benefits.
video
This is the most important knot to know. You can never go wrong with a bowline. Never. It makes a loop in rope. It will never come undone. It is always easy to undo. It might save your life. Maria can tell you all about that.
The only tricky part about making this knot is making sure this loop is in the right direction. This is the way I do it. And remember that the loop must come in the section of the line that is between what you're tying up and what you're tying up to. Then you feed through the end of line through this hole.

The way I do it means the end of the line comes up through the hole.


Always look for this tidy figure-eight-like shape at the end. That's your confirmation you've done it correctly.

To undo a bowline, just push up on the stem, the part coming from whatever your tying up.

The clove hitch is a great and simple way to tie a line to a round object. video
A description of the very simple concept of slip knots (easier to undo). Here you see a clove hitch slip knot. It's the most fun to undo. video

The tautline hitch is adjustable after it is tied. Wow! How cool. It's good for anything you need to keep taut after tying, like a clothesline... or an unloading boat. It's great if you're loading or unloading a boat with lots of fat people. video
The cool thing about this knot it that you can slide it back and forth and adjust the tension. It helps, when you tie this, to keep things tight as you go. You'll probably have to tighten it a bit when you're done.

Here I've tied around the pole and am now tying the not. You start by encircling the line in the direction toward what you are tying to.
You do that once, and twice.
Then come around on the side of the line (the line that came from what you're tying to) that logically keeps that line tight.
Do one more loop, again in the direction toward the knot and what you are trying to. It actually doesn't matter which direction you make this last encircling. Some people like the lines coming out in different directions. I'm partial to them coming out on the same side. I heard it's stronger. It may not be. But I do think it's prettier.


There should be three loops lined up neatly in row. And of course one line needs to remain straight. That's why you can adjust it by sliding back and forth.


If the line is long, you can alway double back the line at the length you want. Then just treat the double line as a single line for any of your knots. video

One last thing: here's a very poorly tied boat! Not only is the boat drifting too far from the wall (because the other line was also tied like shit), but this knot is bullshit (malakies, you might even say). It's overly wrapped around the post. For no benefit. What a pain to undo. A simply clove hitch would do.

Learn knots, please. It's important. You'll be happy you did. And I'll be happy to. And have some pride! You're a St. Nick Boat Captain.

Knots II

Along with a standard hitch (not shown here), these are the 2 knots I find the most useful for docking boats. They're also useful for non-boat purposes. The clothesline is great for any light load that needs to stay taut. It is adjustable. So it's great as people get on or off the boat. As fat people get on, you can loosen the knot. As fat people get off, you can tighten the knot and keep the boat toward the wall.

The bowline is perhaps the single best knot period (if such a thing can be said). It makes a loop and then ties to itself (as opposed to hitch that ties to the object). Loops are great because you can do so much with them. Attach 2 lines to make one longer line. Make foot holders to climb up a wall. Drag dead bodies out of artic depths. And tie up a boat. This knot won't come undone, or "capsize," as they say in the knot business.

Good website at http://www.netknots.com/html/boating_knots.html

Imagine the boat on the left and the shore on the right. This is the sliding tautline hitch.











Knots I

It's not just me who's obsessed with knots. It's Mike, too. But we've got good reason to be obsessed. Knots are simply the foundation of any captain's boating knowledge. This is not just a matter of looking cool (though tying a good know does make you look cool). It is a matter of safety and convenience, both for you and the boat. And they're easy to learn.

I find the adjustable clothesline hitch very useful as well because you can bring it in and let it out as people get off or on the boat (and it's plenty strong for our docking needs). But it's not included here. I and Mike would be happy to teach it.

Most important below are the simple hitch and the bowline. There's no such thing as a "best" knot because they all have different uses... but if there were a "best" knot, it would be a bowline (usually pronounced BO-lin, but also pronounced Bo-LINE). Simple, strong, easy to undo. You need to know it.

Boating Knots (From www.onwater.com)

Knowing how to tie a few basic knots is essential to a boater's security. Following are simplified instructions for tying a few commonly used knots.

Two Half Hitches
This reliable knot is quickly tied and is the hitch most often used in mooring. To tie:

Pass end of rope around post or other object.
Wrap short end of rope under and over long part of rope, pushing the end down through the loop. This is a half hitch.
Repeat on long rope below first half hitch and draw up tight.


Bowline
This knot doesn't jam or slip when tied properly. To tie:

Make the overhand loop with the end held toward you, then pass end through loop.
Now pass end up behind the standing part, then down through the loop again.
Draw up tight.
Here's another primer, courtesy of Mike. By far the half hitch and the bowline are the most useful for our day-to-day knot needs.


Figure Eight
This knot is ideal for keeping the end of a rope from running out of tackle or pulley. To tie:

Make underhand loop, bringing end around and over the standing part.
Pass end under, then up through the loop.
Draw up tight.


Square Knot
This knot is used at sea in reefing and furling sails. To tie:

Pass left and over and under right end. Curve what is now the left end toward the right and cross what is now the right end over and under the left.
Draw up tight.


Anchor Bend
This knot is used to secure a rope or a line to an anchor. To tie:

Pass two loops through ring.
Place free end around standing line.
Pass free end through loops.
Complete by making half hitch.


Clove Hitch

This knot is the "general utility" hitch for when you need a quick, simple method of fastening a rope around a post, spar or stake. To tie:

Make a turn with the rope around the object and over itself.
Take a second turn with the rope around the object.
Pull the end up under the second turn so it is between the rope and the object. Tighten by pulling on both ends.